Eastern Grey Kangaroos are from the macropod family. “Macro-pod”
means “Big-foot”and you can see why. Pregnancy is short,
35-36day. The tiny unformed joey climbs into mums pouch. It keeps
developing, at 5 months old starts putting its head out of the pouch.
Stays with mum and feeds until it is about 18 months old. Kangaroos
are herbivores, and mainly eat grass Adults are 1.8m tall and up to
90kg weigh for males, females up to 55kg. The biggest kangaroos are
Red Kangaroos and they are up to 2.2m tall. They live for over 20
Emus are giant flightless birds. They are covered in feathers, but
can not fly. Emus walk around in groups. Emus have babies once a year
in winter. The father is responsible for sitting on the eggs and
looking after the chicks. He sits on the eggs for nearly two months
during which time he eats and drinks almost nothing. He loses about a
third of his body weight while he is on the nest. When the chicks
hatch out, they stay with the father for about 6 months. He walks
around the bush with them showing them how to find food, and protects
them from predators. The mother does protect the father while he is
on the nest, but she does not help to raise the chicks.
Cassowaries are the heaviest bird in Australia, and are flightless
birds. Cassowaries are distributed throughout New Guinea. In
Australia it is restricted to tracts of rainforest in north-east
Queensland, from Cape York to Townsville. Cassowaries are frugivores
(fruit eaters) and are responsible for the distribution and
germination of many north Queensland rainforest trees. Without
cassowaries, our rainforests may not be able to survive.
Koalas are marsupials, like most Australian mammals. This means they
have a pouch where their babies (called joeys) develop. “Koala”
means “no drink”. They do sometimes drink water, but they usually
don’t need to because they can get all the fluid they need from
their food-eucalyptus. Koalas only eat the leave of gum trees, and
usually only eat the tender new leaf growth that has the most
nutrients and energy. Eucalyptus leaves have low nutritional value,
as result koalas sleep 16-18 sometimes up to 20hrs a day. Koala
pregnancy is 34 days. We estimate we had 1million koalas 100years
ago, these days the estimate is 50 000 in the wild. Koalas are
endangered, which means that they are likely to go extinct if we
don’t do something to save them.
Wombats are Australian marsupial mammals that have very short
muscular legs and are the closest relative to the Koala. Wombats feed
on grasses and roots (they are herbivores) . wombats are nocturnal
and will rarely venture out during the day.
are generally slow movers however they can run quickly if required.
Their best form of defence though is when they are in their burrow.
penguin Penguins are flightless seabirds. The little penguin is the
smallest of all penguins. Standing about 35 to 45 cm in height, it
weighs approximately one kilogram when fully grown.
the only known mainland breeding colony in NSW is in Manly area of
Sydney Harbour. This colony has been declared an endangered
birds usually nest in burrows. They often set up their colonies in
sand-dune vegetation, but they can also be found among rocks, in sea
caves, and on headlands. The birds are excellent swimmers, and are
able to survive at sea for long periods. They generally spend the day
at sea and return to their colonies after dark. On land they stand
upright, walking or waddling awkwardly on their hind legs.
penguins feed on small fish, squid and krill (tiny shrimp-like
crustaceans). They mainly feed in shallow waters within 15 to 20
kilometres of the coast.
Together with the platypus, echidnas are the world’s only
monotremes, or egg-laying marsupial mammals. All echidnas have sharp
spines covering the back of their short, stocky bodies.Termites are
the preferred food
Devils Tasmanian Devils are the largest living carnivorous marsupial
in Australia. Male Tasmanian Devils can weigh up to 12kg, and females
up to 10kg. Each Devil has distinctive white markings on their chest,
which is used like a fingerprint to identify individuals.
than 5000 years ago, Tasmanian Devils were common on mainland
Australia. They got pushed away by dingoes that arrived from
Indonesia. Today, they are only found in Tasmania. Tasmanian Devils
often scavenge dead animals (carrion) found on roadsides. Sadly, many
of them are hit by cars while feeding. They are unlucky, one of 3
species in the world that has contagious cancer. They develop facial
tumors and die of starvation. In some parts of Tasmania, we lost up
to 80-90% of wild population.
Dingoes are Australia’s wild dog. They arrived in Australia about
5,000 years ago – brought to Australian shores by Indonesian
Seafarers. Dingoes do not bark, but howl like wolves. Weighing
between 13-24kg, Colours vary from sandy yellow to red ginger, and
there are a small percentage of dogs who are black, black-tan or
white. They eat a variety of animals but the majority of their diet
is wallaby and kangaroo. They are also known to prey on rabbits
are found through most of mainland Australia, but are absent from
Tasmania. There are many different cross breeds of dingo/dog . Truly
pure dingoes are extremely rare.